There are always intriguing things in the world just waiting for someone to find them. It is difficult for individuals in modern times to trust in the wisdom of the ancients. The wonders of the old world that the ancients left behind are still spectacular after thousands of years. We contemporary people are compelled to ask, “I don’t comprehend how the ancient people created these,” when we observe these architectural masterpieces. Let’s travel the globe with Toplist and see the wonders that are known around the world.

The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China)

Any traveler to Beijing on a China trip should at least once see the Great Wall, which is regarded as China’s most impressive building. The Great Wall, a monument to ancient Chinese civilisation, is undoubtedly one of the oldest and most magnificent man-made wonders still in existence. The term “Great Wall” refers to a network of several stone barriers that served as a line of defense and were constructed in China around 2500 years ago during the Western Zhou Dynasty. Chinese military defense against incursions by northern nomadic tribes like the Mongols and Manchus. Due to its significance, it lasted without interruption for the following 2000 years, till the end of the Ming Dynasty, growing to encompass 15 Chinese provinces and adopting the form of a dragon.

The Great Wall of China is comparable to a protracted poetry that celebrates the Chinese people’s tenacious spirit and valiant past. Therefore, if you are interested in historical study and want to do the Beijing trip from Hanoi, you will be happy with the information you learn on your own or from the stories the guide introduces. Additionally, the Great Wall’s surroundings are lovely and lyrical enough to make you “go once and remember forever” even if you are not very informed about or interested in history.

Petra

Petra

Petra is a Jordanian ancient city known for its architecture and aqueducts made of carved stone. Petra is also known as the “city of roses” because of the hue of the stone in which it has been so skillfully carved. As the capital of the Arab Nabataeans and a city founded in 312 BCE, it takes pleasure in being a symbol of Jordan. because it is situated on the Jebel al-Madhbah slope, in a basin surrounded by the mountains that make up Wadi Araba, the vast valley that connects the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. In 2007, Petra was listed as one of the New 7 Wonders of the World. It is the most popular tourist destination in Jordan and one of the “things to do before you die.”

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The many figures carved into the rocks of Petra are well known. Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, a Swiss adventurer, revealed this hitherto undiscovered region to the Western world in 1812. Another description of it is found in a sonnet by John William Burgon that won the Newdigate Prize: “a city of red flowers. half the length of time.” Burgon hasn’t really been to Petra, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 and referred to as “one of humanity’s most treasured cultural treasures.” Europeans were only permitted to enter Petra with the aid of local guides and army guards following the conclusion of World War I.

Statue of Cristo Redentor

Statue of Cristo Redentor

Cristo Redentor or Christ the redeemer was built in 1931 to symbolize Christianity, the statue of Christ the Redeemer is made of reinforced concrete and the outside is covered with small pieces of steatite stone put together by the residents. This is roughly called “piedra sabao” or “soap” stone because this is a soft rock that can be shaved off with a fingernail, is easy to shape, but has great resistance and is not deformed or eroded or cracked. when the weather changes.

The statue has a height of 38m (not including the height of the platform is 9.5m) and a width of 30m, weighs 635 tons, arms spread wide with the distance between the fingertips is 28m. This is one of the largest art sculpture works in the world and one of the symbols of the city of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil in general.

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Coming to Rio de Janeiro, many explorers were stunned by the beauty of the “humpback” mountain Corcovado. It is also because of the enchanting beauty of the mountain that Portuguese Bishop Pedro Maria Boss, first coming to Rio de Janeiro in 1859, proposed to Princess Isabel to build a religious monument on this mountain top. . This idea of ​​his paved the way for the idea of ​​​​building a statue of Christ the Redeemer here in 1921, according to calculations, if the statue is built on the top of this granite mountain, it will be able to stand at any position on the mountain. Rio de Janeiro can also see the statue.

Taj Mahal in Agra

Taj Mahal in Agra

The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world, and some Western historians even say that the beauty of this architecture is something that no other building can surpass. The Taj Mahal is built entirely of white marble. The view is stunning especially at sunrise and sunset. The Taj Mahal seems to glow most brightly in the moonlight. On a foggy morning, visitors experience the Taj Mahal as if they were mesmerized by its beauty as seen from across the Yamuna River.

The Taj Mahal is considered the finest example of Mughal Architecture, a style that combines elements of Persian, Turkish, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles. While the white marble dome of the mausoleum is the most prominent part, the Taj Mahal is in fact a collection of architectural styles. The Taj Mahal was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and described as a “masterpiece that should be admired by the whole world among world heritage sites”.

Construction of the Taj Mahal began at Agra shortly after the death of queen Mahal Mumtaz. Construction work began in 1632 and the Taj Mahal was built over a period of 16 years, employing 20,000 workers. It was completed in 1648. The Taj Mahal was built on a site 304m wide and 580m long. In the middle of the mausoleum is an octagonal bottom house, each side is 100m long. The mausoleum was built of white marble and red sandstone on high. It is thanks to this special material that the Taj Mahal can change color depending on the intensity of sunlight, each time frame, the mausoleum has its own color, especially on moonlit nights, the Taj Mahal like a sparkling jewel.

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Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu

The pre-Columbian Inca remains of Machu Picchu, often known as the “Lost City of the Incas,” are located at a height of 2,430 meters on a spired mountain. About 70 kilometers northwest of Cusco, in Peru’s Urubamba valley, is where you can find Machu Picchu. Hiram Bingham, an archaeologist, was the one who found Machu Picchu five years ago after it had been forgotten by the outside world for centuries but was still well-known to the inhabitants. 1911 and published a best-selling book on the subject. Peru is presently filing a lawsuit to recover thousands of things that Bingham took from the location.

All of the construction of Machu Picchu is done in the Inca architectural style, which has equal-sized stones and non-mortar stone walls. The process of cutting stone blocks so they may be snugly linked together without the use of mortar, known as block stone, was perfected by the Incas. Many of the joints were so flawless that even slipping a blade between the stones was difficult. There are more than a hundred stone stairs heading up that are frequently entirely cut out of a single granite rock. There are also several fountains for the main irrigation system that are connected by channels and water pipelines that are opaque in the rock. Evidence suggests that each home received water from a sacred spring through an irrigation system in a hierarchy based on the social status of the residents.

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